Phoenix is the capital and most populous city in Arizona, with one,660,272 men and women (as of 2018). It is also the fifth most populous city in the United States, and the only state capital with a population of more than 1 million residents.
Phoenix is the anchor of the Phoenix metropolitan region, also known as the Valley of the Sun, which in flip is part of the Salt River Valley. The metropolitan region is the 11th largest by population in the United States, with about four.73 million men and women as of 2017. Phoenix is the seat of Maricopa County and the largest city in the state at 517.9 square miles (one,341 km2), more than twice the dimension of Tucson and 1 of the largest cities in the United States.
Phoenix was settled in 1867 as an agricultural local community close to the confluence of the Salt and Gila Rivers and was integrated as a city in 1881. It became the capital of Arizona Territory in 1889. It is in the northeastern reaches of the Sonoran Desert and has a hot desert climate. Regardless of this, its canal method led to a thriving farming local community with the original settler’s crops remaining essential elements of the Phoenix economic climate for decades, this kind of as alfalfa, cotton, citrus, phoenix escorts and hay. Cotton, cattle, citrus, climate, and copper had been known locally as the “5 C’s” anchoring Phoenix’s economic climate. These remained the driving forces of the city until finally after World War II, when large-tech firms began to move into the valley and air conditioning made Phoenix’s hot summers more bearable.
The city averaged a 4 % annual population growth fee over a 40–year period from the mid-1960s to the mid-2000s. This growth fee slowed during the Fantastic Economic downturn of 2007–09, and has rebounded gradually. Phoenix is the cultural center of the state of Arizona.